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For places in Iran, see Shiyan, Iran.
Shiyan Railway Station
Location of Shiyan City jurisdiction in Hubei
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Maojian District|
|• CPC Secretary||Chen Tianhui (陈天会)|
|• Mayor||Zhang Siyi (张嗣义)|
|• Total||1,022 km2 (395 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,640 m (5,380 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
442000 (Urban center) 442100-442300, 442500-442700
Camphor Laurel Cinnamomum camphora L. Sieb. Southern magnolia
Magnolia grandiflora L.Blossom of pomegranate Punica granatum L. Chinese
GeographyThe Wudang Mountains run approximately east-west through the territory of the "Prefecture-level city" of Shiyan, crossing several of its county-level divisions. The peak commonly referred to as "Wudang Mountain", or in Mandarin Wudangshan, is one of the most important cultural centres of the Taoist faith. The surrounding areas are dotted with up to 200 Taoist monastic temples and religious sites. The main attraction in this area, and also one of the most sacred Taoist sites, which forms an important stop for mainly Chinese tourists bound there, with up to twenty bus loads of visitors per day at peak times is Wudangshan Jiedao of the Danjiangkou county-level city.
AdministrationThe prefecture-level city of Shiyan administers 8 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 1 county-level city and 5 counties.
- Maojian District (茅箭区)
- Zhangwan District (张湾区)
- Danjiangkou City (丹江口市)
- Yun County (郧县)
- Yunxi County (郧西县)
- Zhushan County (竹山县)
- Zhuxi County (竹溪县)
- Fang County (房县)
This area is subject to major change as part of the South to North water diversion project of the Han River. Certain areas will see an increase of up to 5 meters in water level to create a new reservoir to serve Beijing an Tianjing as part of this major water diversion project.
EconomyShiyan is one of the most important centers of automobile industry in China, with Dongfeng, the premier Chinese truck, bus, and heavy goods vehicle as a major employer. It is also labeled as the 'Detroit' of China, given this focus on automobile manufacture.
Before 1949, it was a small village, which grew after the founding of the People's Republic of China. In 1967, teams of workers and engineers were first sent to Shiyan in order to survey sites for automotive plants and factories. At this time, the population of Shiyan was only a few hundred. Chairman Mao chose Shiyan as the site for China's automobile industry because the surrounding mountains and relative inaccessibility could act as a barrier against foreign attacks.